Thursday, May 24, 2018.
Moral principles must not be made subject to personal greed and corruption, to be used merely as a means (as an excuse) to achieve some particular end.
But this is precisely what Agamemnon does.
And based on the childish and petty way that he reacts to Chryseis’ removal, it becomes evident to Achilles and the other men that this is indeed Agamemnon’s way of things. As a basileus, a representative of Zeus’ power, he is supposed to uphold justice; but rather than being a protector of justice, he perverts justice and the correct order of things.
And it is this very thing that Achilles cannot stand for; it isn’t the petty matter of personal honor that Achilles finds most offensive (as Agamemnon, and Owen et al, seem to think that the situation is about). And this very immature, pusillanimous and un-kingly mindset is precisely what Achilles criticizes Agamemnon for.